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September 10, 2019

2019 U.S. Corn Condition declines 3% gd/ex, Soybeans Unchanged

Author: Michael Cordonnier/Soybean & Corn Advisor, Inc.

Corn - The condition rating of the 2019 U.S. corn crop declined 3% to 55% rated good to excellent. Six states indicated that the corn condition improved last week while 10 states indicated that the corn condition declined last week and two states were unchanged. Most of the improvements were found in the central and western areas while most of the declines were found in the eastern and southern locations. The top five rated corn states are: Tennessee, Colorado, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, and Nebraska. The five lowest rated corn states are: Indiana, Ohio, North Carolina, Illinois, and a tie between Michigan and Missouri.

The weather last week was cooler and dryer than normal in the eastern and southern Corn Belt and wetter than normal in the northwestern Corn Belt.

Soybeans - The condition rating of the 2019 U.S. soybean crop held steady last week at 55% rated good to excellent. Eight states indicated that the soybean condition had improved last week while 9 states indicated that the soybean condition declined last week and 1 state was unchanged. Most of the improvements were found in the western areas while most of the declines were found in the eastern and southern areas. The top five rated soybean states are: Wisconsin, Nebraska, Louisiana, Tennessee, and South Dakota. The five lowest rated soybean states are: Indiana, Ohio, Illinois, Michigan, and Missouri.

The cool temperatures last week continued to slow the development of the soybean crop. Eight percent of the soybean crop has not started to set pods and it is already the second week of September.

Soil Moisture - The nationwide soil moisture declined last week with 6 states indicating improved soil moisture and 12 states indicating declining soil moisture. Most of the improvements were found in the northern locations while most of the declines were found in the central and southern locations. The five states with the best soil moisture are: Kansas, South Dakota, Wisconsin, North Dakota, and a tie between Minnesota and Nebraska. The five states with the lowest soil moisture are: Arkansas, Indiana, Iowa, Illinois, and Mississippi.

After two weeks of improving soil moisture, there has now been two weeks of declining soil moisture. The forecast is calling for more rainfall across the northern states where there is already adequate to surplus soil moisture. The forecast is calling for less rainfall in the central and eastern Corn Belt where they could use some additional moisture.